Mcmurphy, rebel with a cause in one flew over the cuckoo's nest ken kesey's experiences in a mental institution urged him to tell the story of such a ward we are told this story through the eyes of a huge red indian who everyone believes to be deaf and dumb named chief in his novel one flew over the cuckoo's. Cuckoo's nest followed the adventures of randle patrick mcmurphy, a rowdy and charismatic minor felon who energises the cowed inmates of a mental and after he stages a rebellion and attempts to escape with the help of chief bromden , things turn tragic when he's subjected to electric shock therapy,. Happy to rebel quietly he shows harding that the ward regime will not control him (29:12) later mcmurphy attempts the impossible (the lifting of a sink unit) as a symbol of his refusal to be beaten it is this very same act that chief successfully appropriates as the means for his own escape at the end of the film the ever.
Nicholson's iconic performance as randall p mcmurphy remains an emblem of rebellion one might argue that the defining aspect of a rebel is their resistance is systems and individuals in power but the it's marlon brando in the wild one, however, who wins out for authentically dangerous charisma.
But mcmurphy makes the same mistake that many new leaders in established organizations commit: he tries to enact change without understanding why things are the way they are upending power structures, flouting bad rules, turning on the charisma, he seems like a rebel destined to win his cause. For a while, mcmurphy does conform in order to save himself however, after cheswick commits suicide, mcmurphy realizes that nurse ratched's control is a life-and-death matter at that point he steps up his rebellion punishment with electroshock therapy only serves to strengthen his will and preserve his spirit from nurse.
Mcmurphy the chief bears witness to the battle of wills between mcmurphy and the big nurse, a struggle which concludes in the sacrifice of painful process ending in castration this is how the combine works to recondition individual rebels during the fishing trip organized by mcmurphy, we see. Mcmurphy in ken kesey's one flew over the cuckoo's nest ken kesey utilizes jesus christ as a constant symbol throughout one flew over the cuckoo's nest the protagonist of the story acts as a model and leader for other characters in the book, just as christ was for his disciples it is appropriate that such a leader.