In order to appreciate the reasons for the electoral college, it is essential to understand its historical context and the problem that the founding fathers were trying to solve they faced the difficult question of how to elect a president in a nation that: was composed of thirteen large and small states jealous of their own rights. Now that the electoral vote has diverged from the popular vote in 40% of the elections conducted during the twenty first century, the problem is nearing a crisis we need a clearer understanding of the origins and history of the electoral college to understand why it is contributing to our current bitter. He's also written extensively about the origins and utility of the electoral college, most recently in his new book, the constitution today in the wake of last week's in the electoral college we've only had three small-state presidents in american history: zachary taylor, franklin pierce, and bill clinton. As conversations emerge about the history of slavery and the electoral college, republicans are losing interest in revisiting the system. By marc schulman the electoral college was created for two reasons the first purpose was to create a buffer between population and the selection of a president the second as part of the structure of the government that gave extra power to the smaller states the first reason that the founders created the electoral. Representatives of various groups discussed the electoral college and its origins. The electoral college polarized americans from its inception created by the framers of the constitution during the 1787 constitutional convention in philadelphia, the college was put forth as a way to give citizens the opportunity to vote in presidential elections, with the added safeguard of a group of. Electoral college definition, a body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the president and vice president of the us see more.
Leaders from john adams to richard nixon have tried to change or abolish the electoral college, but it's still here in 1992, “was for the most knowledgeable and informed individuals from each state to select the president based solely on merit and without regard to state of origin or political party. American citizens don't directly vote for president, they vote for electors, and then the electors vote for president this video explains why the electoral college system was created by describing and demonstrating the numerous concerns the founding fathers had. Citizens for true democracy, one of the more vocal groups in calling for the abolition of the electoral college, explains that it “was founded in the wake of the 1996 presidential elections, which boasted record-breaking low voter turnout” they assert that abolishing the electoral college will cause “people [to. When us citizens go to the polls to “elect” a president, they are in fact voting for a particular slate of electors in every state but maine and nebraska, the candidate who wins the most votes (that is, a plurality) in the state receives all of the state's electoral votes the number of electors in each state is the.
The electoral college is a process, not a place the founding fathers established it in the constitution as a compromise between election of the president by a vote in congress and election of the president by a popular vote of qualified citizens the electoral college process consists of the selection of the electors, the. Electoral college in many ways, the history of the electoral col- lege reflects the evolution of a persistent problem in american politics, one summarized in politi- origins many of the delegates to the constitutional conven- tion in 1787 initially were convinced that the presi- dent should be chosen by majority vote of. Jefferson got 14 electoral college votes that were apportioned to southern states based on their slave populations that margin the origins of inequality one of the that history matters today, because it places the electoral college pretty firmly along the spectrum of america's struggle with inequality.
Tuesday, november 15, 2016 by christopher f petrella, african american intellectual history society | news analysis to be clear, this critique of the racialized origins of the electoral college should not be interpreted as the cheap product of disappointment over the most recent election results, but rather as an effort to tap. This year, for the fourth time in history—and second time in recent history-- a presidential candidate won the popular vote but lost the electoral college. The 2000 presidential election is unique in the annals of american history because of its indeterminacy no its singular distinction comes from the fact that never before have both the popular and electoral votes been close in the same election when john f kennedy squeaked out a victory over richard. The article, titled “the proslavery origins of the electoral college,” was written by paul finkelman, then of the university of tulsa college of law and now finkelman writes that “we can only wonder how american history might have played out if the founders had developed a method of choosing the.
The electoral college never worked as planned, however, and by 1828, when andrew jackson was elected as president, the method of electing the president had decades after presidential elections began, and the most common method for selecting electors early in the nation's history was to have state legislatures do it. The electoral college and its racist roots | realclearpolitics.
Established in article ii, section 1 of the us constitution, the electoral college is the formal body which elects the president and vice president of the united states each state has as many electors in the electoral college as it has representatives and senators in the united states congress, and the district of columbia. In order to determine whether it is still a useful part of our electoral process, it is necessary to learn the origin and history of the electoral college textbooks offer us two common explanations for the creation of the electoral college both are wrong, and both miss the real purpose of the electoral college which was to insure.
An institution created generations before any of us were born in a nation entirely unlike our own naturally puzzles and frustrates us set against our highest cultural and political ideal, that of democracy, our way of choosing the president seems fatally flawed it also provokes frequent calls for its abolition, especially in. The united states electoral college is the mechanism established by the united states constitution for the election of the president and vice president of the united states by small groups of appointed representatives, electors, from each state and the district of columbia the constitution specifies that each state legislature. Law professor paul finkelman ominously opines that americans would be “ disgusted” if they knew the real origin of the electoral college was in of the electoral college, in attempting to undermine support for the institution, have painted it with an unfair half-truth that distorts the historical record as well as.
Electoral college, the system by which the president and vice president of the united states are chosen history and operation the electoral college was proposed near the end of the convention by the committee on unfinished parts, chaired by david brearley of new jersey, to provide a system that would select the. Political analysts around the world are fascinated by it and if you look into its history, you begin to see why as the 2016 election comes to its peak, with either trump or clinton winning the white house, let's look back at the origins of the electoral college that will ultimately be responsible for their victory or. Origins of the electoral college the electoral college was conceived along with the founding principles of united states governance in 1787 with the drafting of the us constitution drafters of the now infamous document were concerned with how us citizens would vote for presidential candidates. Find out more about the history of electoral college, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more get all when americans vote for a president and vice president, they are actually voting for presidential electors, known collectively as the electoral college it is these constitutional origins.