(phd, philosophy) the variety of names (june 2013) abstract of a dissertation at the university of miami dissertation supervised by professor otávio bueno no of pages in text (357) the problem of empty names, and – more tentatively – frege's puzzle nevertheless, philosophers of language. Introductions, sainsbury 2009 is an introduction to empty names and related issues such as fictional characters, and truth in fiction empty names in philosophy of language in my dissertation (ucla 2002), i argue that, by appropriating fregean resources, millians can solve the problems that empty names pose. Given the continuing interest in the question of the semantic status of names and the impressive evidence for something like a millian theory of names, the problem posed by non-referring or empty names is often thought to be among the most difficult and important problems currently facing philosophy of language it is hard. Only by asserting that ordinary names are definite descriptions could russell motivate his theory of description to solve three problems for millian names, namely department of religion and philosophy book chapters philosophy of language and linguistics: the legacy of frege, russell, wittgenstein (2014): 161-180. Sus', we obtain an instance of the above schema1 this is the problem of empty names perhaps it is not first-order logic that is to blame here, but rather our treatment of empty names however, matters become worse once we extend our logic and language to cope with modal reasoning to achieve this, one expands the. At the conference 'language, intentionality, and translation theory', held at the university of connecticut in march of papers were presented by many distinguished philosophers of language, who also participated in the and apparently empty names that is intuitively correct, then these problems do not, in themselves.
Frege's most important contribution to the philosophy of language was his distinction between sense (sinn) and reference (bedeutung) how did he arrive at this distinction considering the question of equality (identity), he was faced with a number of problems: is equality a relation between objects or between names or. 'ahab is a whaler' and 'holmes is a whaler' express different propositions, even though neither 'ahab' nor 'holmes' has a referent this seems to constitute a theoretical puzzle for the russellian view of propositions in this paper, i develop a variant of the russellian view, plenitudinous russellianism i claim that 'ahab is a. The central issue here is if kripke can solve the problem of negative existential statements involving empty names keywords : philosophy of language, kripke, everett, fictional entities, empty proper names i introduction one of the main themes that have concerned philosophers of language in the twentieth century has.
Language that are empty: genuine proper names that do not refer to anything these 3 capping problems of accounting for both the fregean intuitions and the empty names phenomena ference (october 2009), the northwestern pre- apa philosophy of language workshop (february 2012), the. The problem of empty names is really an issue involving several interrelated concepts that 3 here the platonic language of 'exemplification' is used for convenience' sake, and will be throughout it is not to imply 6 see alfred tarski, “the semantic conception of truth and the foundations of semantics,” philosophy and. (1) the term 'individual concept' is sometimes used in philosophical logic and technical philosophy of language to refer to functions from possible worlds or state-descriptions to individuals (or similar constructions) i am not using it that way for one thing, that way of going would make the problem of empty.
Many philosophers initially find millianism quite appealing, but find it much less so after considering its i shall next consider whether fictional and mythical names are really empty i shall argue that at least some utterances of mythical names are 1 the problems was not thinking about philosophy of language) in this. What problems do apparently empty names pose for accounts of proper names how are they best solved core reading sarah sawyer (2012) 'empty names' in delia graff fara and gillian russell, eds the routledge companion to philosophy of language (routledge) saul kripke.
Perry: the problem of the essential indexical lewis: attitudes de dicto and de se, x: presupposition and empty names (pdf) xi: indexicals and de se attitudes (pdf) section two: pragmatics 8, austin: performative utterances grice: logic and conversation, xii: austin on peformatives (pdf) xiii: grice: implicature (pdf. Descriptivism about proper names avoids this problem, as well as frege's two famous puzzles (about the informativeness of identity statements and about failure of for reasons connected with his doctrine of acquaintance, he thought that the only logically proper names of ordinary language, english in particular, are the.
This can be examined by way of michael devitt and kim sterelny's language and reality, which is subtitled an introduction to the philosophy of language the beginning of the modern problem of naming is given as the received wisdom of john stuart mill that proper names are not connotative, ie they do not have.
Explored by numerous philosophers of language, too many to mention, in fact but there are other problems posed by empty names the first of those is explored in depth by kripke, while the other two arise as consequences of kripke ‟s initial investigation 22 the accidental reference problem kripke calls the issue with. Concepts are basic to natural language semantics first, the names 2 empty names before getting to the problems associated with empty names, it will be helpful to have a bit of historical background on the semantics of proper names in philosophy of language (eg richard 1983, salmon 1986, soames 1987), and as.
Their semantics remains a contested subject in the philosophy of language, with those who believe a descriptive element belongs in their meaning (whether at the even if we don't find russell's epistemological views persuasive, names without a referent (eg 'atlantis') pose a problem for millianism. So, empty names have no sense this wouldn't be a problem for frege if he claimed that there is no sense without reference, but he repeatedly does for frege, a mal language must be genuine proper names, ie have a dummett, m 2014, the origins of analytical philosophy, bloomsbury academic, london evans. His research interests are in the philosophy of logic and mathematics, proof theory, the philosophy of language, intensional semantics, epistemology and sentences containing empty names: the specification problem, which holds that candidate descriptions often fail to have the kind of content that would.